Migen is a Python-based tool that automates further the VLSI design process. The Migen FHDL library replaces the event-driven paradigm with the notions of combinatorial and synchronous statements, has arithmetic rules that make integers always behave like mathematical integers, and most importantly allows the design's logic to be constructed by a Python program. This last point enables hardware designers to take advantage of the richness of the Python language - object oriented programming, function parameters, generators, operator overloading, libraries, etc. - to build well organized, reusable and elegant designs.
Cryptol is a domain specific language designed to make it easier to implement cryptographic systems safely. It then compiles down to VHDL so the code may be more readily implemented in hardware.
The J2 is a clean-room designed FOSS processor core and SOC that implements the SuperH instruction set. hardware VHDL BSD license. Royalty and patent free. Compile the VHDL into a bitstream and upload it into an FPGA. Known to run Linux. Hybrid RISC architecture, fixed-length 16-bit instructions, 32-bi registers and address space. Has no MMU for now but it's in the works due to patent issues. Cheap to manufacture (roughly $0.03/processor). security audited.